Get 10% Off On Your First Order! Shop Now!
Search
Close this search box.

Ingredients Dictionary

Acacia Senegal Gum

Protective role against oxidative stress and geNotoxicity induced by a radiographic contrast medium.

Plant based?

Yes. A plant-based ingredient derived from the sap of the Acacia Senegal tree.

Concentration

vary

Functional Process

Acacia Senegal Gum is a soluble fiber that can absorb water and form a gel-like substance in the digestive system, which can help slow down the absorption of nutrients and promote feelings of fullness. It can also help bind to cholesterol and bile acids in the digestive system and promote their excretion.

Side Effects

Generally considered safe and well-tolerated, but some people may experience digestive discomfort such as bloating or gas if consumed in large amounts. It may also interact with certain medications, so it’s important to speak with a healthcare provider before consuming it regularly.

Acer Rubrum Bark Extract

Has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-cancer properties. It may also have potential benefits for the skin, including reducing the appearance of wrinkles and promoting skin hydration.

Plant based?

Yes. Derived from the bark of the Acer Rubrum tree.

Concentration

vary

Functional Process

Provides antioxidant protection to the skin, which can help to reduce inflammation and damage caused by free radicals. It may also have a hydrating effect on the skin.

Side Effects

There is currently no known information on specific side effects.

Adenosine

Helps in regulating sleep, promoting blood flow, and reducing inflammation.

Plant based?

Adenosine is a naturally occurring compound in all living cells, including plants, animals, and humans.

Concentration

Vary

Functional Process

Binds to specific receptors in the brain, slowing down nerve cell activity and reducing the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine. This leads to decreased activity in the central nervous system, which can result in increased drowsiness, relaxation, and decreased anxiety. Adenosine also plays a role in regulating blood flow and oxygen consumption in the body.

Side Effects

Flushing, chest discomfort, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, dizziness, nausea, headache, and sweating

Alanyl Glutamine

Used as a nutritional supplement and has been reported to have benefits in improving gut health, enhancing immune function, and promoting muscle recovery after exercise.

Plant based?

Can be derived from both animal and plant sources, but the source of the dipeptide is not always specified on supplement labels. However, there are plant-based sources of both alanine and glutamine, so it is possible to produce alanyl glutamine from plant sources.

Concentration

0.1 to 0.3

Functional Process

Provides a source of both alanine and glutamine to the body, which is important for various physiological processes. Glutamine is particularly important for gut health and immune function, while alanine is important for energy metabolism and muscle recovery.

Side Effects

Mild gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloating, gas, or diarrhea. High doses of alanyl-glutamine may also lead to an increase in ammonia levels in the blood, which can be a concern in people with liver or kidney disease.

Alcohol Denat.

Alcohol denat can temporarily reduce oil and grease, and it evaporates quickly so products absorb and dry faster.

Plant based?

Alcohol denat can be derived from plant-based sources, but it can also be synthetic.

Concentration

60-90%

Functional Process

Evaporates quickly and draws out natural oils from the skin, which can cause drying and irritation.

Side Effects

Skin dryness, disruption of the skin barrier, increased sensitivity and redness, and potential rebound oil production. It is generally recommended to avoid alcohol denat in skincare products.

Algae Extract

Algae extract has various benefits for skin, such as hydration, anti-aging, and brightening effects.

Plant based?

Yes, algae extract is derived from various types of seaweed and is therefore plant-based.

Concentration

Vary

Functional Process

Provides antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins to the skin, which can help improve its overall appearance and health.

Side Effects

Potential side effects of algae extract may include skin irritation, allergic reactions, and sensitivity to sunlight.

Aloe Vera) Leaf Juice Powder

Aloe vera leaf juice powder can help soothe skin irritation, moisturize the skin, and promote wound healing.

Plant based?

Yes, aloe vera leaf juice powder is derived from the Aloe vera plant.

Concentration

1-2%.

Functional Process

Helps hydrate and soothe the skin, reduce inflammation, and promote wound healing.

Side Effects

Possible side effects of using aloe vera leaf juice powder include skin irritation, allergic reactions, and increased sensitivity to sunlight.

Aluminum Distearate

Used as a thickener and a hydrophobic agent in various applications such as plastics, oil and gas additives, food and beverage, and others.

Plant based?

Can be either vegetable or tallow-based.

Concentration

vary

Functional Process

Aluminum Distearate acts as a thickener and a hydrophobic agent, which helps improve the products’ texture and repel water.

Side Effects

Acute health effects include diarrhea, skin inflammation, eye irritation, and chronic health effects involving organs or biochemical systems.

Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/Vp Copolymer

Functions as a film-forming agent, thickener, and texture enhancer in cosmetic and personal care products. It can improve the texture of skincare formulations, making them easier to apply and giving them a smooth, velvety feel. It also helps to protect the skin mantle barrier without disrupting the pH of the skin, sealing in moisture and giving the skin a smooth, plumped look.

Plant based?

No. This is a synthetic polymer and not a naturally occurring substance.

Concentration

0.5% to 5%

Functional Process

Forms a film on the surface of the skin, which can help to protect the skin and seal in moisture. It also helps to thicken and stabilize emulsions, preventing them from separating into their component parts.

Side Effects

There are no known side effects associated with the use of Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP Copolymer in skincare and cosmetic formulations, and it has been assessed as safe for use by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel.

Ammonium Polyacryloyldimethyl Taurate (ADPT)

Used in skincare and personal care products as a stabilizer, emulsifier, and thickener.

Plant based?

APDT is a synthetic polymer and is not derived from plants.

Concentration

0.1% to 2%

Functional Process

Forms a film on the surface of the skin, which can help improve the texture and appearance of the skin and provide moisturization and hydration benefits. It also helps improve the stability and consistency of the product it is used in.

Side Effects

Generally considered safe for use in skincare and personal care products and has a low risk of causing skin irritation or other side effects. However, some individuals with sensitive skin may experience a reaction to APDT.

Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Oil

Chamomile flower oil has anti-inflammatory and calming properties that can help soothe skin irritations, reduce redness, and promote relaxation.

Plant based?

Yes, chamomile flower oil is plant-based and extracted from the flowers of the chamomile plant.

Concentration

vary

Functional Process

Reduces inflammation and irritation on the skin, as well as promotes relaxation when used in aromatherapy.

Side Effects

Rare and mild.

Apricot Kernel Oil

Apricot Kernel Oil can help moisturize and Nourish the skin, and may also have anti-inflammatory and anti-aging properties.

Plant based?

Yes, Apricot Kernel Oil is derived from the seeds of the apricot fruit and is therefore plant-based.

Concentration

Typically, Apricot Kernel Oil is made up of around 60-65% oleic acid and 25-30% liNoleic acid.

Functional Process

Penetrates the skin to provide hydration and nutrients and may also help to reduce inflammation and promote collagen production.

Side Effects

Some potential side effects include skin irritation, allergic reactions, or clogged pores.

Arginine

Improves blood flow, enhances exercise performance, and supports immune function.

Plant based?

Found in both plant and animal sources, but it is typically present in higher amounts in animal products.

Concentration

vary

Functional Process

Increases the production of nitric oxide, a molecule that helps to relax blood vessels and improve blood flow. This can improve exercise performance, reduce muscle fatigue, and improve cardiovascular health.

Side Effects

Considered safe for most people when taken in appropriate amounts. However, high doses of arginine may cause gastrointestinal discomfort, including diarrhea and nausea. People with certain health conditions, such as herpes or kidney disease, may need to avoid or limit their arginine intake.

Arnica Montana (Arnica) Extract*

Anti-inflammatory properties to alleviate pain and swelling caused by bruises, sprains, and muscle soreness. May also have potential benefits for skin health, hair growth, and wound healing.

Plant based?

Yes, Arnica Montana extract is derived from the Arnica plant, a perennial herb that grows in Europe, Siberia, and North America.

Concentration

2% to 25%

Functional Process

Reduces inflammation and promotes circulation in the affected area. It contains compounds called sesquiterpene lactones, which have anti-inflammatory effects, and flavonoids, antioxidants that can help protect against cellular damage.

Side Effects

Skin irritation, allergic reactions, and contact dermatitis. It should not be taken internally or applied to broken skin. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should avoid using Arnica Montana extract. It can also interact with certain medications, so it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before using it.

Ascorbyl Glucoside

Used in skincare products for its antioxidant properties. It helps brighten skin, reduce hyperpigmentation, and improve the overall appearance of the skin.

Plant based?

Ascorbyl Glucoside is a synthetic molecule and is not derived from plants.

Concentration

vary

Functional Process

Penetrates the skin and breaks down into its active form of Vitamin C. Once converted, it helps neutralize free radicals, stimulate collagen production, and brighten the skin.

Side Effects

Generally considered safe to use in skincare products, and there are no known side effects associated with its use. However, some people with sensitive skin may experience mild irritation or allergic reactions.

Astrocaryum Murumuru Seed Butter*

Helps moisturize and nourish the skin and hair. It is also high in vitamins A and C, which can help to protect against environmental stressors and promote healthy collagen production.

Plant based?

Yes, it is a plant-based ingredient derived from the seeds of the Astrocaryum murumuru palm tree, which is native to the Amazon rainforest.

Concentration

1-10%

Functional Process

Works as an emollient, helping to hydrate and soften the skin and hair. It is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help to soothe irritated or inflamed skin.

Side Effects

Generally considered safe for topical use, but some individuals may be allergic to it. As with any skincare ingredient, it is important to patch test before use and discontinue use if any irritation or adverse reactions occur.

Avobenzone 3.00%

A UV filter used in sunscreens that absorbs energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation, providing protection against the harmful effects of UV radiation on skin cells.

Plant based?

Avobenzone is a synthetic compound and not derived from plants. It is a dibenzoylmethane derivative chemically synthesized as a UV filter in sunscreens and other skincare products.

Concentration

3.00%

Functional Process

Absorbs UVA radiation and converts it into heat energy, dissipating it from the skin. It helps protect the skin from damage caused by UVA radiation.

Side Effects

Allergic reactions such as skin irritation or rash.

Behenyl Alcohol

Used as a thickening and emulsifying agent in the cosmetics and personal care industry due to its moisturizing properties.

Plant based?

No. This is a synthetic chemical that is derived from petrochemicals.

Concentration

1% to 5%

Functional Process

Increases the viscosity of the product and improves its texture. It also helps to stabilize the emulsion and prevent the separation of oil and water in the product.

Side Effects

No known serious side effects of behenyl alcohol.

Benzoic Acid

Benzoic acid is commonly used as a food preservative to prevent bacterial growth.

Plant based?

Found naturally in certain fruits and spices but is typically produced synthetically for commercial use.

Concentration

0.05-0.1%

Functional Process

Disrupts the metabolic processes of bacteria, preventing their growth and proliferation.

Side Effects

Possible side effects include allergic reactions, skin irritation, and respiratory issues.

Benzyl Benzoate

Used as a solvent and fixative in fragrances and flavorings, as well as an ingredient in lotions, creams, and other cosmetic products. It is also used as a treatment for scabies.

Plant based?

Not a naturally occurring compound and is synthesized chemically.

Concentration

Vary

Functional Process

Works as a scabicide by killing the mites responsible for scabies. In cosmetics and personal care products, it acts as a solvent and fixative, improving the spreadability and absorbency of lotions and creams.

Side Effects

Can cause skin irritation. Long-term exposure can be toxic, leading to damage to the respiratory and nervous systems.